Law on foreign nationals

Polish citizenship

Application for Polish citizenship

An attorney prepares an application for Polish citizenship and helps the applicant to gather documents required for such an application. The attorney then submits the application for Polish citizenship with the competent official body. The attorney represents the applicant throughout the proceedings, and undertakes all the required steps. The attorney may also submit a minor’s application for Polish citizenship as an agent of the parent(s).

Polish citizenship: The procedure for obtaining the Polish citizenship is regulated in the Act on Polish Citizenship of 2 April 2009. The Act provides for two methods for foreign nationals to obtain the Polish citizenship.

The first method is when the Polish citizenship is conferred upon a foreign national by the President of the Republic of Poland. This is known as the ‘presidential track’. The citizenship is conferred under a presidential decree and the President has full discretion in adopting such decisions, without being limited with any constraints that may be laid down in legal acts.

The second method is when a Voivod, i.e. the head of a province competent for the foreign national’s place of residence) confers Polish citizenship upon a foreign national.

In the latter case an application for the Polish citizenship may be filed by foreign nationals who meet at least one of the conditions defined in the Act on Polish Citizenship.
The Act on Polish Citizenship, Article 30, lists seven cases where a foreign national may obtain the Polish citizenship.

  1. The Polish citizenship may be granted to a person who has resided continuously in the Republic of Poland for at least three years under a permanent residence permit, a long-term EU resident permit or the right of permanent residence and, moreover, has a stable and regular source of income in Poland and a legal title to occupy a dwelling.
  2. The Polish citizenship may be granted to a person who has resided continuously in the Republic of Poland for at least two years under a permanent residence permit, a long-term EU resident permit or the right of permanent residence and, moreover, has been married to a Polish citizen for at least three years or is a stateless person.

  1. Entitlement to the Polish citizenship is acquired by a person who has resided continuously in the Republic of Poland for at least two years under a permanent residence permit which he/she obtained as a holder of a refugee status conferred in the Republic of Poland.
  2. Entitlement to the Polish citizenship is acquired by a person who is a minor with one parent being a Polish citizen, has resided in the Republic of Poland under a permanent residence permit, a long-term EU resident permit or the right of permanent residence, and the other parent, who is not a Polish citizen, has consented to this citizenship.
  3. Entitlement to the Polish citizenship is acquired by a person who is a minor with at least one parent holding the Polish citizenship which has been restored, if the minor has resided in the Republic of Poland under a permanent residence permit, a long-term EU resident permit or the right of permanent residence, and the other parent, who is not a Polish citizen, has consented to this citizenship.
  4. Entitlement to the Polish citizenship is acquired by a person who has resided continuously and legally in the Republic of Poland for at least ten years and holds a permanent residence permit, a long-term EU resident permit or the right of permanent residence and, moreover, has a stable and regular source of income in Poland and a legal title to occupy a dwelling.
  5. Entitlement to the Polish citizenship is acquired by a person who has resided continuously in the territory of the Republic of Poland for at least two years under a permanent residence permit obtained in connection with that person’s Polish ancestry.